Home » Laal Maas
Rajasthani Laal Maas

Laal Maas

This Laal Maas recipe is my easy rendition of a classic meat delicacy – the traditional Rajasthani Laal Maas! If I have to write down all the mutton curries that I love, I am going to write this one at least twice! It is in a league of its own! For the uninitiated, authentic laal maas is a mutton curry cooked with signature Mathania dry chillies in a yogurt sauce.

Laal maas is fiery, yet flavourful. It doesn’t require a ton of ingredients, but you will be surprised at how these ingredients work together and take your taste buds on a tour!

I have modified a few items used in the conventional preparations to utilize ingredients that can be easily sourced. The smoking element using charcoal and ghee is not included in my recipe. I have replaced the signature Mathania chillies with a mix of Kashmiri and hot chillies. And finally, I have cooked using a pressure cooker reducing the number of hours required to produce this dish compared to the traditional slow cooking methods. So that’s the disclaimer! 🙂

I guess laal maas is one of the most famous specialities of the Rajasthani cuisine. It certainly is one of my favourites!

My sister, while returning from her recent trip to Jaipur, brought us some beautiful plates and artwork from the Pink City. She also got me a recipe for laal maas which I have tailored to an easier version here.

While I have never been to Rajasthan, I have come across laal maas on various occasions at wedding feasts and in restaurant spreads. And I never missed a chance to taste it on any of those occasions.

Image of Laal Maas
Laal Maas is served

What makes laal maas different from other mutton curries?

Well, almost everything! It doesn’t use the regular tangy ingredients to add the acidity. So no tomatoes, no lime or lemon juice, and no tamarind. It is the thick, creamy yogurt that also brings in the tangy touch. Another distinct flavour variation is the use of mustard oil. And of course, the dry chillies that add all the character to the meat.

About this recipe

We’ll start by roasting cloves in mustard oil and slow-cooking onions till they are brown. This is followed by adding meat and cooking for sometime before adding the ginger garlic paste. Once the meat is evenly coated with onions, chilli paste and salt is added followed by some more slow cooking. Now that’s colourful. Pressure cook to perfection and garnish with garlic slivers fried in ghee!

If you love mutton curries, you shouldn’t leave without checking out this delicious Kerala mutton curry. These lamb recipes are also worth a try.

Laal Maas

This Laal Maas recipe is my easy rendition of a classic meat delicacy - the traditional Rajasthani Laal Maas with succulent mutton pieces falling off the bones! Laal maas is a mutton curry spiced with dry chillies and cooked in a yogurt base.
Prep Time15 mins
Cook Time1 hr
Total Time1 hr 30 mins
Course: Main Course, Main Dish
Cuisine: Indian
Servings: 4 people


  • 500 grams mutton small to medium pieces
  • 4 medium onions about half the weight of mutton
  • 5 cloves
  • 1 inch ginger
  • 8 cloves garlic
  • 1 cup yogurt whisked
  • 3 tablespoon mustard oil
  • 10 dry kashmiri chillies *read notes
  • 5 dry red chillies hot chillies
  • salt

For garnish

  • 1/2 tablespoon ghee clarified butter
  • 6 cloves garlic thinly sliced lengthwise
  • Cilantro (Coriander leaves) optional


  • Thinly slice the onions. Finely chop the ginger and garlic, and crush to a coarse paste.
    Onions, ginger, garlic, and dry chillies getting prepped for laal maas
  • I prefer using meat with bones. Wash the mutton pieces and keep it aside.
  • I used Kashmiri and the regular hot variety red chillies instead of the Mathania chillies.
  • Soak the chillies in lukewarm water for 10 minutes.
  • Grind to a fine paste in a blender adding a little water at a time.
    Chillies ground to a fine paste for laal maas
  • On a high flame, heat mustard oil in a pressure cooker.
  • Once the oil reaches a smoking point, take off the cooker from the heat.
  • Add the clove once the smoke subsides. The oil will still be hot and you can hear them pop.
    Cloves fried in mustard oil for laal maas
  • Now put the cooker back on the stove and add the onions.
    Onions fried in mustard oil for laal maas
  • Mix well and fry the onions on a low flame.
  • Cook till they are brown (about 15 minutes) and add the mutton pieces.
    Slow-fry onions till they brown
  • Cook for a couple of minutes while stirring to get the onions and the meat evenly distributed.
  • Now add the ginger garlic paste, mix well, and cook for another 2-3 minutes.
    Add the ginger and garlic paste
  • Add the chilli paste and mix well.
    Laal Maas paste added to the cooker
  • Add salt, half a cup of water, and mix well.
    Add salt to the laal maas mix in the cooker
  • Now close the lid and pressure cook until the meat is cooked. I was using soft, tender mutton which got cooked in 4 whistles.
  • Switch off and wait for the pressure to subside before opening the cooker.
  • Mutton should be cooked perfectly now.
    Laas Maas is almost ready. Mutton cooked to perfection
  • Increase to a high flame and bring to boil. Add the whisked yogurt.
  • Stir well and cook on a high flame till you bring it to boil again. Switch off.
  • Heat some ghee in another pan and fry the thinly sliced garlic pieces. Switch off when they start to turn brown.
    Final touch to the laal maas - fried garlic
  • Garnish with fried garlic and serve hot with some chapati or rice.


I have used 10 Kashmiri chillies and 5 dry chillies that are hot. This will provide a good blend of colour and heat. You can tweak this if you want your curry fiery! Please note that yogurt added at the last step will reduce some of the chilli heat. If you can get hold of Mathania chillies use them instead for a more authentic flavour. Use about 15-20 of them.


  1. wow, what an amazing non-veg recipe is this!! thanks for sharing, I will definitely try to cook this recipe by following your instruction.

  2. Oh wow, this looks SO flavorful Arun! I feel warmer just looking at this post. Need to try it, maybe even with chicken too.

    • The Take It Easy Chef

      Thank you very much Leigh!! 🙂 That’s interesting. I guess chicken will work fine too. It might not pack as much punch as red meat though.

  3. Wow, that is quite a bold and beautiful red just from chiles! It makes me wish my kids weren’t so stingy about eating spicy food. Yum!

    • The Take It Easy Chef

      Thank you very much Leslie. It’s a fantastic, classic delicacy. But like you said, it is spicy too! 🙂

Leave a Comment

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *

Recipe Rating


This site uses Akismet to reduce spam. Learn how your comment data is processed.